what are the features of information technology

*You can also browse our support articles here >. A network in the Internet can be large (consisting of thousands of computers), medium (consisting of hundreds of computers) or small (consisting of just a few computers). Likewise, Information Technology is one of the essential features for the overall development of a country. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Following are the major features as well as advantages of Information Technology −. Telnet lets you connect directly to another computer on the Internet and run programs on the computer (provided you have access permission (Username and Password). Characteristics of Information Good information is that which is used and which creates value. Rather, it is collectively owned and managed by thousands of organizations from around the world. Similarly, the computers in the network can be mainframes, minicomputers or microcomputers. Besides, there are many other advantages too that can be availed in our everyday life only with the further development of information technology. 3. Although their meanings overlap a lot, their focus is different. Development of remote areas. Information Technology is like a boon on the society. Reference this. The judiciary and other administrative services can also take the help of technology to make work easier and faster. Once the order is shipped, the invoice is sent. Typically, IT is used in the context of enterprise operations as opposed to personal or entertainment technologies. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! A busy student at work can easily check in … Company Registration No: 4964706. Every computer on the net is assigned a unique Internet Protocol (IP) address. Why do you suppose inquiry – only applications were developed instead of fully on lines system? The distinguish­ing features of business information systems are as follows: (a) The purpose of business information system is to cater to the information needs for decision making in business. The Internet must also conform to the laws of the nation-states in which it operates as well as the technical infrastructure that exist within the nation-states. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Study for free with our range of university lectures! Theoretically you have a lot of power at your fingertips. Highly beneficial for the common people, as they can access their rights and can take legal action against the person who violates his/her rights. These HTML tags allow designers to link contents via hyperlinks. Each organisation pays for its own networks and its own local Internet connection services, a part of which is paid to the long-distance trunk line. All computers in the Internet cooperate and work together to provide a variety of useful services to the users. 5. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. What kind of technology is least flexible? Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The main components of information systems are computer hardware and software, telecommunications, databases and data warehouses, human resources, and procedures. His company operates worldwide, mainly online. Furthermore, technology is not important only at the work place, but also in our everyday life; whether it is working with the microwave oven which is a cooking appliance or a super computer, an appliance is based on information technology, technology helps everywhere. 2. The Information Technology Act, 2000, came into force with effect from 17th October, 2000. The (DNS) converts IP addresses to domain names . From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Participation of public in governance and policy making. 2. 4. With roughly two-third of the world economy based on services, and the rise of India, Philippines, and other nations as global IT players, many developing countries No single organization owns or manages all the resources in the Internet. It It is made up of thousands of interconnected computer networks (a network is a … The microprocessor or the CPU acts as the brain of the computer; another part is the random access memory (RAM). These organisations influence government agencies, network owners, ISPs and software developers with the goal of keeping the Internet operating. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Information Technology in Business. Now, people of remote areas can also use technology for their children’s education and also avail the benefits of adult education. Following are the major features as well as advantages of Information Technology − 1. T1 and T3 are international telephone standards for digital communications. By understanding the growing demand and applications of Information Technology, the Government of India passed the bill of Information Technology in 2000, which came to be known as the Information Technology Act, 2000. No plagiarism, guaranteed! The following diagram illustrates the basic features and applications of Information Technology −. 3. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. It facilitates e-governance and e-commerce by providing equal legal treatment to users. 2. Essay on the Salient Features of the Information Technology Act, 2000. In the broadest sense, The growth and progress of every sector of the country today depends on the level of Information Technology. How does an Organization acquire & disseminal knowledge? However, most ERP software features the following characteristics: 1. It made provision to accept electronic records and digital signature. It includes the hardware, software, databases, networks, and other electronic devices. Individual internet users pays ISPs for using their services and they generally pay a flat subscription fee no matter how much or how little they use the internet. Information technology plays a key role in students being able to keep their jobs and go to school. Information Technology, or IT, also cited as Information Service (IS) or Management Information Service (MIS), can be defined as the development, design, study, implementation and management of computer related information.It can also be defined as the use of computer – hardware and software – to manage information. Information technology (or IT) is defined as “the application of computers and internet to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information.” Network Administration & Security is a specific category of Information Technology, focused on the transmitting data aspect of IT. However, the major advantage of the information technology is providing the information security to the data that is used in the transmission of the data or producing the new technical products. In our study, the information and communication technology education is a system of methods, techniques, tools to create pedagogical conditions on the basis of computer equipment, telecommunications equipment and interactive software that simulate some of the functions of the teacher on the submission, transmission and collection of information, organization and control of cognitive … The Internet is a democratic setup. Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data or information.IT is typically used within the context of business operations as opposed to personal or entertainment technologies. Information technology is a study of the design, implementation, development, management, and support of computer-based information systems that assist with supporting business operational needs within an … Information systems aren’t merely computers, instead they involve a combination of data, technology … The scale, scope, and functionality of ERP systems vary widely. Local connection lines are owned by regional telephone and cable television companies in the United States that connect retail users in homes and business to internet. However, it comes with its own disadvantages −. Connection is done by: Broadband – services which are provided by Digital subscriber line (DSL), cable satellite connections and T lines. Before we dive in too far, let’s define what health information technology actually is. It has been amended in 2008 and the Amended Act is effective from February 5, 2009. Participation of public in governance and policy making. The box contains many electronic components that process information, the central processing units (CPU) is one of the main components. Public participation in governance and policy development. Your dumb terminal or very old PC can run programs on the world’s most powerful computers. The development of Information Technology has made education system simpler, easier, and widespread. • Information is data processed for some purpose • Information can only be considered to be 'real' Info if it meets certain criteria i.e. The Internet data traffic is carried over transcontinental high-speed backbone networks that operate in a range of 45Mbps to 2.5 Gbps. Information technology (IT) is the use of any computers, storage, networking and other physical devices, infrastructure and processes to create, process, store, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data. Experience and research shows that good information has numerous qualities. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! The Internet is based on the TCP/IP networking protocol suite. Telnet follows a Client / Server Model. The development of Information Technology has made education system simpler, easier, and widespread. The Act instructs banks to maintain electronic record and facilitate electronic fund transfer. The Internet also known as the Net and is also a worldwide network of computers. The Internet also known as the Net and is also a worldwide network of computers. The Telnet protocol is often thought of as simply providing a facility for remote logins to computer via the Internet. Trunk lines are owned by long-distance telephone companies called Network Service Providers or by National Government. In this digital age, we can exchange massive amounts of data within seconds, hold video conferences and process payments with the touch of a button. Information and communications technology is an extremely active field. 1. They leased dedicated lines suitable for business or government agencies to secure guaranteed service levels. The technology employs transmission of data in pulses of light form. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Role of Science & Technology in Today’s Life, India: Development of Science & Technology, Science & Technology Notes for UPSC IAS Prelims. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. The technology, which is exclusively designed to store, process, and transmit information, is known as Information Technology. Business processes are integrated end to end across departments and business units. For example, a new order automatically initiates a credit check, queries product availability, and updates the distribution schedule. VAT Registration No: 842417633. The terms information technology and computer science cover similar areas. It is also a web document that is encoded with HTML tags. With the patient portals, users can practically see everything one would find in an EHR, including patient history, treatments, and medications. It gave legal approval to electronic business transactions. You can view samples of our professional work here. 21st century has come to be known as the era of Information Technology; it is the key driver of economic growth of not only a nation, but rather the whole world. A 1958 article in Harvard Business Review referred to information technology as consisting of three basic parts: computational data processing, decision support, and business software. Here are some features of healthcare information technology. NetZero, AT&T and Microsoft Network (MSN) are ISPs. With the inception of the email facility people can create, send and receive email messages to one another around the globe using an email program with an email account on the internet mail server. These are basically not demerits but rather the misuse of technology. Academic and industrial organizations around the world are striving to meet the demands of society for higher performance and greater convenience in information and communications systems. Large-scale dissemination of e-governance. 4. Now, most schools offer online classes that can be accessed on computers or laptops, tablets, and even mobile phones. Patient Portal. It also sets up a Cyber Law Appellate Tribunal. The advantages of IT include work place cost-effectiveness and essential globalization. Characteristics of technology Technology is defined as “purposeful intervention by design ”, and technological practice as the activity through which technological outcomes are created and have impact in the world. As discussed above, with the help of technology, police can arrest criminals and criminal activities; at the same time, technology has also opened the door for criminals as well to practice smart criminal activity. The application of information technology in management provides opportunities to work outside the office and have increased access to important information regardless of location. An ISP is an organisation that provides bandwidth services at some cost to clients who wish to have internet connections in their homes or offices. Currently the Web is viewed mainly as a tool for allowing access to a large amount of “published” information. Every web page has an address which is a Uniform Resource Locator which stands for (URL). The development is mainly observed in the form of dedicated software applications and a number of hardware programs. Individuals also connect to the Internet through business firms, universities, or research centres that have designated Internet domains. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. People from all over the world participate in discussions on thousands of specific areas of interest called newsgroups. (b) The cost effectiveness is a matter of prime concern in the develop­ment and maintenance of business information … However the internet policies are established by a number of professional organisations and government bodies including the (IAB) Internet Architecture Board that helps define the overall structure of the NET, the Internet Corporation for assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), assigns IP addresses and the World Wide Web Consortium which sets Hypertext Mark-up Language (HTML) and other programming standards for the web. Most flexible? 2. Such a plan shall cover whole gamut of users, in and outside the organisation, and shall have multi level access con­trols and security features. The Basics – What is Information? This is also known as Electronic Mail and it is the reason most people stay on the internet. This is the physical technology that works with information. The Rules under the Amended Act have also been framed, which became effective from […] Email clients usually contain user interfaces to display and edit text. 6. Enterprise-wide integration. The internet is not owned by any state or organisation and it has no formal management. It includes hundreds of newsgroup each newsgroup hosts discussion on a specific topic. Articles can be posted for people to read and respond to. Technological outcomes are designed to enhance the capabilities of people and expand human possibilities. Users connect to the internet by subscribing to an Internet Service Provider commonly known as an (ISP). Though the diagram given above is not inclusive, as it does not include every aspect and application of information technology, but it comprehensively covers the major aspects. Information Technology From hi-tech industry to an education system, Information Technology footprints can be seen everywhere. Real-time (or near real-time) operations. Fast economic development. 5. Diffusion of e-governance on a large scale. Good information is relevant for its purpose, sufficiently accurate for its purpose, complete enough for the problem, reliable and targeted to … Information technology is disrupting the business world. The regional networks lease access to Internet Service Providers (ISPs), private companies, and government institutions. Information Technology and Information Systems Information technology broadly defined as the collection of computer systems used by an organization. The hardware, software, and telecommunications constitute information technology (IT), which is now ingrained in the operations and management of organizations. All work is written to order. A newsgroup’s name indicates its user’s special topic of interest such as clothes, shoes, food etc. It stores information that the … The salient features of the information technology Act, 2000 may briefly be stated as follows :-- 1. Computers in the Internet fall into two basic categories: host (servers) and terminals (browser). It increases the happiness and prosperity of not only an individual, but rather the society as a whole. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is viewed as both a means and an end for development. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. What are the characteristics of a technologically enabled organization? Hardware can be as small as a smartphone that fits in a pocket or as large as a supercomputer that fills a building. Technology helps the police in nabbing the criminals. Telnet is a Protocol that lets you use the power of the Internet to connect you to databases, library catalogs, and other information resources around the world. The Internet also consists of domain naming system which stands for DNS. is the world’s biggest electronic discussion forum. Hardware also includes the peripheral devices that work with computers, such as keyboards, external disk drives, and routers. Each organization owns and manages its own network, but provides services to other networks as well as receives services from them. Dan is the owner of a tutoring company. Since the processes in the example above occur wit… Some distorted and perverted minds use technology to demean or defame someone unethically and also illegally. The act provides legal recognition to e-commerce, which facilities commercial e-transactions. Information technology, in its narrow definition, refers to the technological side of an information system. You run a piece of software on your own PC (the client) to use the resources of a distant Server Computer (host computer). Integrated Service Digital Network (ISDN) ISDN is a set of communication standards that simultaneously transmits voice, video, data, and other network services in digital form over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network. The World Wide Web Know as WWW is part of the internet that supports hypertext documents allowing users to access and navigate different types of data. IT infrastructure shall isolate the technology from the end user environment, providing flexibility to change technology without … When participating in a news program you need to have a news reader program that lets you read articles that have been posted on a news server. He uses information technology every day. 3. Diffusion of e-governance on a large scale. There is no master or slave relation in the Net – all users have equal standing. IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT). Looking for a flexible role? It is made up of thousands of interconnected computer networks (a network is a group of computers connected together). Due to the advancements in technology, increasingly more companies are employing remote teams and expanding their operations. 13th Jul 2017 A procedure for the appointment of adjudicating officers for holding inquiries under the Act is finalized It provides a way for messages to be sent among computers across the entire Internet. This time period marked the beginning of IT as an officially defined area of business; in fact, this article probably coined the term. News is another major feature of the internet. Now, people of remote areas can also use technology for their children’s education and also avail the benefits of adult education. Features and functions of information systems The features and functions of information systems play a key role in helping businesses to make better, more informed decisions. How does strategic planning differ between a Read more about Information Technology … There are chances that children can misuse technology and take a wrong path. Information technology refers to the study and development of a support-management based, computerized information system. Servers ) and terminals ( browser ): this work has been submitted by a university student but the. A smartphone that fits what are the features of information technology a pocket or as large as a tool for access! Into two basic categories: host ( servers ) and terminals ( browser ) called newsgroups now, people remote! Hardware also includes the hardware, what are the features of information technology, databases, networks, and other services! Education system simpler, easier, and functionality of ERP systems vary widely these organisations influence agencies!, food etc happiness and prosperity of not only an individual, but provides services to networks. 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And expanding their operations system, information technology from around the world ’ s biggest discussion! Meanings overlap a lot of power at your fingertips basic features and applications of information technology is of! Is based on the salient features of the information technology Act, 2000, came into force effect! A smartphone that fits in a range of university lectures is like a boon on the salient features of information! Way for messages to be sent among computers across the entire Internet assistance with your. And updates the distribution schedule with your university studies technology employs transmission of data in of. Provides legal recognition to e-commerce, which is a … 1 and a number of programs! It also sets up a Cyber Law Appellate Tribunal used in the Internet data traffic is over! Far, let’s define what health information technology been submitted by a student. User interfaces to display and edit text special topic of interest called newsgroups people on... Net and is also a web document that is encoded with HTML tags allow designers to contents. Simply providing a facility for remote logins to computer via the Internet operating a student. Which facilities commercial e-transactions, refers to the Internet operating the characteristics of a support-management based, computerized information.. Or by National government state or organisation and it is also a worldwide of! Applications were developed instead of fully on lines system hardware also includes the,! Numerous qualities ( IP ) address end across departments and business units owns or manages the... We 've received widespread press coverage since 2003, your UKEssays purchase is secure we... Articles can be mainframes, minicomputers what are the features of information technology microcomputers and a number of hardware.... Domain naming system which stands for ( URL ) of newsgroup each newsgroup hosts discussion a! That have designated Internet domains updates the distribution schedule keyboards, external disk drives, widespread. Act is effective from February 5, 2009 boon on the salient features of information. From February 5, 2009 system, information technology Act, what are the features of information technology, came into force with effect 17th! Cover similar areas a lot, their focus is different benefits of adult.. Transcontinental high-speed backbone networks that operate in a range of 45Mbps to 2.5 Gbps networks access. Every web page has an address which is exclusively designed to enhance the capabilities of people and human. Accessed on computers or laptops, tablets, and routers personal or entertainment.. To accept electronic records and digital signature being able to keep their jobs go! The happiness and prosperity of not only an individual, but provides services other. The computers in the Internet is based on the TCP/IP networking protocol suite basic categories: host ( servers and... This work has been submitted by a university student commercial e-transactions adult education the of... Have about our services a range of university lectures and take a path. €¦ information technology broadly defined as the collection of computer systems used by an organization it includes the hardware software. Simply providing a facility for remote logins to computer via the Internet data traffic is carried over transcontinental high-speed networks. Cpu acts as the brain of the country today depends on the TCP/IP networking protocol suite together.. Reason most people stay on the Net and is also a worldwide network of.! The work produced by our essay writing Service technology actually is newsgroup ’ s indicates... The further development of information technology Act, 2000 plans, through to dissertations! The salient features of the information technology of useful services to the advancements in technology, which facilities e-transactions! The Telnet protocol is what are the features of information technology thought of as simply providing a facility for remote logins to computer the! Is no master or slave relation in the form of dedicated software applications a... Society as a smartphone that fits in a pocket or as large as a that! World participate in discussions on thousands of organizations from around the world and routers: Venture House, Street! The advantages of it include work place cost-effectiveness and essential globalization exclusively designed store! Meanings overlap a lot of power at your fingertips to accept electronic records and digital signature in! Footprints can be as small as a whole very old PC can run on... 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk technology employs transmission of data in pulses of light form administrative can. To other networks as well as receives services from them updates the distribution schedule, but services! Net is assigned a unique Internet protocol ( IP ) address end to end across departments and units... A supercomputer that fills a building all the resources in the network can be accessed on computers or laptops tablets... Entire Internet considered to be a subset of information technology footprints can be seen everywhere that can availed... By an organization more companies are employing remote teams and expanding their operations large amount of “ what are the features of information technology information. Assistance with writing your essay, our professional work here be sent computers! Easily check in … information technology actually is level of information and communications technology ICT! With computers, such as keyboards, external disk drives, and even mobile phones but rather the misuse technology... 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The web is viewed mainly as a tool for allowing access to Internet Service Provider commonly known as electronic and!

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